The heartworm is a parasite that lives
in a dogs heart and bloodstream. It is transmitted through the bite of the
mosquito. Indoor dogs as well as outdoor dogs risk exposure.
Early infections are usually without symptoms and can be
detected only by a blood test. This test can be performed in our hospital and
takes approximately six to ten minutes to show a result. We recommend testing
every other year if the pet is kept on a preventative year round. Heartworm
prevention is simple. Heartworm infestation is dangerous; untreated dogs die and
treated dogs go through weeks of discomfort while the worms are killed and
expelled from their bodies. Keep your pets safe. Keep them protected.
|Flea and Tick Season has
Due to the
large amount of rain and the high humidity, flea and tick season is now
upon us. Fleas and ticks can be irritating for your pet as well as
yourself. Not only are they irritating but they can cause health problems such as tapeworms from
fleas and Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever from ticks.
recommendation for flea and tick control is new Frontline Plus. Merial,
the makers of Frontline, has added an extra ingredient which will not only
kill adult fleas and ticks but also kills flea eggs and larvae as well.
Frontline Plus for pets under eleven pounds has not been manufactured yet.
Merial suggests that pets in this
weight bracket remain on Frontline 22 until a Frontline Plus is available.
Frontline is fast acting, long
lasting and waterproof. We advise using it monthly during the warm season.
By protecting your pet from
fleas and ticks you are protecting yourself as well.
|Urinary behavior problems
One of the most common problems
seen with cats concerns urinating in inappropriate places.
A cat that is urinating outside of its
litterbox should have a urine sample checked and a thorough exam which may
include blood tests. Urinary accidents and spraying can be medical,
behavioral or both. Problems such as bladder infections, diabetes,
liver or kidney diseases, need to be taken into consideration.
Cats and dogs do not urinate in unacceptable
places out of spite. They do it instinctively when physically and
If you would like help determining the cause
or treatment for an elimination problem, call the Wisconsin Cat Club at
Is your new
summer is a popular time for many people to acquire new kittens.
Many kittens produced are the
offspring of feral cats or cats that have never been vaccinated against
highly contagious diseases.
If you plan
to adopt a kitten or cat you should try to find out something about its
past. If there is no history we highly recommend having the kitten or cat
tested for Feline leukemia virus (FeLv) and Feline Immunodeficiency virus.
(FIV). This is a simple blood test we perform in our animal hospital. This
test should be done before any vaccinations are given or before routine
surgeries such as spaying, neutering and declawing as both these
viruses are potentially fatal.
leukemia virus is one of the most common and harmful of all cat viruses.
It's very contagious and is spread primarily by saliva during cat fights,
grooming or mating. The virus is also spread by blood, urine, and feces.
Kittens can become infected while still in the womb, when the mother cat
bites the umbilical cord or during nursing.
effect of this virus is that it disrupts the cat's immune system. Infected
cats are at high risk for developing cancer and other life-threatening
Indoor cats are at a low risk
while outdoor cats are at a high risk.
At this time there is no
effective treatment for cats infected with FeLv.
Feline Immunodeficiency virus
is also a highly contagious virus spread primarily by saliva from bites
during cat fights or breeding. Like the Feline Leukemia virus, kittens can
become infected inutero, from the mother cat's saliva and from nursing.
also disrupts the cats immune system. A cat positive with FIV may show
signs of chronic respiratory disease, chronic infection of the mouth, gums
and tongue as well as chronic eye disease, skin disease, reproductive
disease, urinary tract infection and other systemic diseases. presently
there is no vaccine to protect and prevent cats from getting the FIV
|ASPCA issues poison
alert for pet owners
owners do not know that small amounts of chocolate, onions, macadamia nuts
and bread dough can be fatal if ingested by a dog.
are poisoned in the spring from plants including daffodils and lilies. A
cat that eats an Easter lily will die unless it receives prompt medical
houseplants such as philodendron, dieffenbachia, cyclamen, corn stalk
plants, sago palms and bird of paradise all contain toxins and are
dangerous if ingested by animals.
offers the following guidelines to protect pets from poisonings:
Keep all drugs out of your
pet's reach in closed cabinets. Painkillers, cold medicines,
antidepressants, vitamins and diet pills can be lethal to animals, even in
small doses. Never give your pets
medication unless you are
directed to do so by a veterinarian. Human medicine is not for pets.
the label before dispensing medication. Some flea products for dogs
can be deadly if given to cats.If you suspect that your pet
has ingested something poisonous, seek medical attention immediately.
In an emergency, pet owners can
call the ASPCA Animal Poison control Center, the nation's only animal
control center staffed by veterinarians and veterinary toxicologists that
operates 24-hours-a-day, 7-days-a-week. The number is: 1-900-680-0000 or
1-888-426-4435. Since the center receives no state or federal funding,
there is a charge of $45.00 to help maintain their expert veterinary staff
24 hours a day.
combination of high temperature, high humidity and poor ventilation can be
fatal to dogs and cats. Dogs and cats do not sweat as people do. Thus, the
cooling benefits of water evaporation from the skin
are not available to them.
Panting and radiation of heat from the skin surface are their main means
of controlling body temperature. If the air temperature and humidity are
high and air circulation is reduced, these protective mechanisms are
inadequate. Body temperature can then increase dramatically, resulting in
collapse and severe shock. Animals not treated promptly may die.
short or pug noses such as Boxers and Bulldogs, Pekingese and Pugs, are
especially susceptible to heat stroke, since their restricted breathing
doesn't allow enough air exchange for rapid heat loss.
|Pets need Dental care
your pet should have periodic dental exams. This enables us to determine
whether your pet should have its teeth professionally cleaned. Dogs and
cats rarely have cavities. However, they are prone to develop plaque, a
calcium based deposit which causes infected gums and loose teeth. Left
untreated infection soon affects your pets vital organs which can lead to
your pets need for professional dental treatment are redness of the
gums, a strong unpleasant odor from the mouth, build-up of a yellowish or
brownish coloration on the teeth and trouble chewing food due to loose or
infected teeth and sore gums.
Smaller dogs and cats live 15
to 20% longer when they receive life long dental care. Larger dogs live 1
0 to 15% longer.
anesthetics and preanesthetic blood screening, there is little cause
to worry about complications
while anesthetized. There is a far greater risk leaving dental disease
untreated, especially periodontal disease. The most common cause of heart
disease in dogs is infected teeth.
Our dentals, include
cleaning the plaque from the teeth with the use of an
ultrasonic scaler, polishing
and a complete oral exam. If
extractions are necessary it will be discussed at the initial exam.
cats often explore their environment with their mouths. Despite the fact
that we take every precaution to protect our pets and keep them out of
mischief, accidents can and will happen.
Our homes contain a large list
of problems that can be safe for us but deadly for our pets. Some foods
that are okay for humans but not for our pets are yeast dough, alcoholic
beverages, chocolate, macadamia nuts and onions. Other problems that
exists are cleaning supplies, plants, insecticides, anti-freeze, rodent
poison, lawn care chemicals, and construction materials such as paint or
vary depending on the pets' size, type of product ingested, and amount
ingested. Often times, your pet will vomit and have diarrhea. Some
products can cause burning on the inside of the mouth and throat. Many
plants can affect the heart rhythm and even cause it to stop.
In spite of
all of your efforts, and your pet does ingest something poisonous, you
should get medical attention immediately. In case of an emergency call the
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, open 24 hours a day and seven days a
week- 1-900-680-0000 (charges apply)
|Flea treatments and what
you should know about them
At one time shampoos, powders,
sprays and flea collars were popular to control fleas. The most popular
treatments today are the "spot" medications which are applied on
the pets skin and will
control fleas for a month or
The formulations spread by
mixing with a pet's skin oils, which migrate as a result of body movement
and gravity. Some products flow into the sebaceous glands of hair
follicles, where they are stored and secreted over time, others remain on
the skin's surface. Advantage (irnidacloprid) from Bayer and Frontline
(fipronil) from Merial, the two market leaders, will spread over the pets
body in less then twelve hours and kill more than 90% of fleas by then.
Buyers should be wary of over
the counter knockoffs. Many contain permethrin, which is less effective on
dogs and is toxic to cats. It would be wise to pay a little more for a
proven product such as Advantage or Frontline then to buy a cheap copycat
brand that may not work or and might be dangerous to your pets.
is a parasite found in the intestines of dogs and cats. The tapeworm has a
head and a long flat body made up of segments. The segments are passed in
the stools of animals leaving the head still attached to the animal's
intestinal lining, where it produces new segments.
You may or
may not notice an illness in your pet. Infected animals may show signs of
digestive upset, poor appetite, poor hair coat and skin, weight loss or
signs of abdominal discomfort.
The most common diagnoses of
tapeworms is actually seeing the segments in the feces of your pet or
segments clinging to the hair around the anus area. When first passed the
segments are yellow to white in color and resemble a grain of rice. When
dry or dead, they may look brown in color.
are not passed directly from pet to pet but require an intermediate host
in which to develop. Common intermediate hosts are fleas and small animals
such as mice, rats, squirrels and rabbits. A pet infested with fleas is
also likely be a good candidate for tapeworm infestation.
Licking and chewing by the pet and thus ingesting the flea starts
the tapeworm cycle.
counter wormers are not available for tapeworm treatment. Your
veterinarian will either use an injectable wormer or a pill form to rid
your pet of tapeworms.
Treatment will destroy the
tapeworms already infecting your pet. Reinfection is controlled by eliminating
or reducing contact with intermediate hosts.